The Step-by-Step Guide to Installing New Hardwood Flooring in Your Home

Hardwood Flooring

Installing new flooring is a wonderful way to improve your living space. Wood flooring has the power to significantly increase the value of your house and has a timeless appeal and long-lasting durability.

It’s normally advisable to hire a professional installer, but sometimes you just want to do it yourself because you’re itching for a new project. Fortunately, installing wood floors may be a simple project for a confident and capable do-it-yourselfer if you have the right tools, materials, and guidance. But now as you are here we will guide you to install new hardwood flooring in Your home so keep reading!

Preparation and Planning

Hardwood floors are highly popular. However, you must ensure that they are the greatest option for you and your home. They are inexpensive, especially when compared to laminate flooring, look fantastic, are resilient, and come in a broad range of colors, making them very appealing.

To avoid post-installation expansion or contraction, wood flooring must first adapt to the atmosphere of your home. Stack the boards in the room where they will be installed for at least 48 to 72 hours.

Before you begin, remove all furniture from the room, as well as any existing carpet, tile, or flooring. Ensure that the subfloor is clean, dry, and level. To create a flat, sturdy surface, you may need to use self-leveling compound or plywood sheets.

If you determine that hardwood flooring is the best choice for you, you should consider obtaining an installation kit. These kits are available at most local hardware stores.

You will need materials and tools.

It’s a good idea to acquire the necessary equipment and materials before beginning your installation. Nothing is more inconvenient than having to stop in the middle of a project to go to the hardware shop for something you thought you already had.

  1. Hardwood planks
  2. Nail gun or hammer
  3. Nails
  4. Wood adhesive (for engineered hardwood)
  5. Underlayment
  6. Moisture barrier (if necessary)
  7. Circular Saw
  8. Mitre Saw
  9. Tape measure
  10. Chalk line
  11. Pry bar
  12. Level

Step-by-Step Installation Process

Make a layout plan.

To figure out how many panels you’ll need and how they’ll fit together, measure the space and make a pattern. For best stability, the planks should run perpendicular to the floor joists. The longest, most noticeable straight wall should be your starting point, and you should move toward the other wall.

Put the underlayment in place.

Spread the underlayment evenly throughout the whole surface. This layer acts as a moisture barrier, a cushion, and a noise-reducing barrier. As instructed by the manufacturer, trim the underlayment to fit and tape the seams.

Establishing the Front Row

Lay out the first row of planks, tongue side facing the wall, beginning at a corner. The expansion gap between the planks and the wall should be between 3/8 and 1/2 inch. This permits the wood’s normal expansion and contraction.

Attaching the planks

For solid hardwood, you’ll need to use either a hammer and finishing nails or a flooring nailer. In addition to nails, you can also use a flooring stapler or adhesive for engineered wood. The nail gun might not fit against the wall, so you might have to face-nail the first row of planks.

Proceeding with the installation

Make sure the end joints of the planks in neighboring rows are staggered as you proceed to the next rows. This improves stability and gives the floor a more organic appearance. To cut planks at the ends of rows or around obstructions, use a miter saw. Keep in mind to leave an expansion space all the way around the room. It may be required to use a pry bar and mallet in order to get the final row of planks to fit tightly against the wall.

Final outlines

After every plank is in place, clean the floor well and remove any remaining sticky. To hide the expanding gap and give the room a finished appearance, install baseboard and shoe molding around the perimeter. Your prefinished hardwood floor is functional. If you installed unfinished hardwood, you will need to follow the manufacturer’s directions to apply your selected finish, clean up any dust, and sand the floor smoothly.

Post Installation Care

Your wood floor is now installed! Now that you know how to take care of your new floor, you can maintain both its appearance and durability. Avoid wearing shoes with sharp heels or rigid soles on the floor; instead, place floor protectors under furniture legs and maintain a clean, dry surface. To maintain the best-looking floor possible, you might need to reapply a finish from time to time. If you have solid hardwood flooring installed, you can sand and refinish the floor multiple times if wear begins to appear.

Tips and Tricks for a Professional Finish while flooring

Start From The Bottom Up:

Before starting any flooring installation, make sure your subfloor is ready. Problems like wetness, unevenness, or debris can cause your new floor to become less stable, which can result in warping, creaking, or even the flooring material coming loose.

Visualize Laying Direction:

It is helpful to loosely lay out some planks at the beginning and end of the space before installing your new flooring permanently. By doing so, you may see the possible result and make sure that the planks’ orientation and pattern work well with the available area. The way a room is laid up can greatly affect how it looks overall, growing spaces or fostering a smooth transition between places. Making an informed decision on the final layout with the help of this phase ensures a visually appealing outcome.

Arrange The Installation Direction:

By installing flooring in adjacent rooms in the same direction, you may give your house a unified, aesthetically pleasing appearance. By maintaining a sense of flow and space, this continuity can help disparate places feel more connected. It works especially well in open-plan designs or when you want to highlight a particular area or feature in your house.

Familiarize yourself With The Necessary Equipment:

A good flooring installation depends on having the appropriate equipment on hand. But, buying specialized tools that you might only use once is not necessary. Throughout the course of your job, you can rent a variety of instruments, including a saw, flat bar, floor scraper, floor roller, and tapping block. This method contributes to a finish of expert quality and is both economical and guarantees that you have access to the particular instruments needed for the type of flooring you have.

Appropriate Underlay Installation:

Installing the underlay correctly is equally as crucial as installing the flooring. Start by unrolling the underlay toward the wall on the other end of the room. Make sure the lengths are arranged parallel, and trim them using a knife or pair of scissors. To avoid an uneven surface, edges should be linked with masking tape, being careful not to overlap

Tricky Cuts using a Template:

Using a cardboard template can help cut down on waste and save time when making delicate cuts around obstacles like pipes or corners. This technique makes it possible to measure and fit flooring materials precisely, guaranteeing that the flooring is cut precisely the first time. It’s a sensible strategy that may shield against expensive errors and provide an orderly, polished finish around complex shapes.

Work in portions:

It’s best to divide a huge area into manageable portions because taking on a large room at once might be stressful. With this approach, you can focus on perfecting each area before moving on, which makes it simpler to identify and fix any mistakes.

Clean as You Go:

Maintaining a neat and orderly environment is crucial, particularly when handling sloppy materials. Spills and drips may be cleaned up quickly to avoid setting or creating damage. This will optimize the process and cut down on cleanup time at the finish of the project.

Common Mistakes to Avoid While Floor Installation

Your flooring will look fantastic and feel cozy underfoot if installation errors are avoided. Installing flooring correctly will also raise the value of your house. Many varieties of wood floors can be installed by homeowners themselves, but there’s a good chance they’ll make a lot of errors when installing the flooring.

1. There are unprepared subfloors

The state of your subfloor will directly impact how well your hardwood floors perform. Therefore, it is a common installation error to avoid while installing flooring because a badly prepared subfloor can lead to a number of issues, such as loose boards and loud creaking noises.

2. The absence of moisture level checks

Humidity directly affects wood flooring. When the weather is dry, the wood boards shrink. Wood floors swell in the presence of moisture. When the boards are installed at either of these two extremes, there is a higher likelihood that problems will arise over time.

3. Minimal Designs

Be advised that your rooms are probably not completely square, even if your home’s corners seem to be at right angles. If wood floors are installed too rapidly, the planks may require unusual angles to fit or they may appear strange in some places.

4. Selecting The Wrong Racking Path

The term “racking” in wood flooring just describes the sequence in which the boards will be laid. Hardwood floor racking guarantees a seamless installation process and a beautiful finish after everything is put in place.

5. Insufficient Nails

You could believe that your boards are firmly in place during the installation procedure. However, in order to stop loose boards from creaking in the future, you’ll want to make sure that each plank is fixed correctly and with an adequate number of fasteners. Make sure that every component is firmly fixed by positioning the planks tightly.


Wood flooring installation may be a satisfying project that enhances the beauty and value of your house. This article offers an in-depth description of the processes; however, keep in mind that each installation may vary slightly depending on the design of the rooms, the type of wood flooring, and the particulars of your house. You’ll be rewarded with a beautiful new floor that you can be proud to have done yourself if you take the time to properly plan and prepare, be patient, and pay close attention to detail during the installation. Thanks for reading!